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Setting: Community

Gender: Boys & Girls

Ages: 9 - 18 years old

Contract: Florida Department of Children & Families

Type: Juvenile Incompetent to Proceed

Capacity: 211

TOFOS Logo.jpg

Florida's Juvenile Incompetent to Proceed (JITP) Program provides competency restoration services to juveniles who have been charged with a felony prior to their 18th birthday and do not have the ability to participate in legal proceedings due to their mental illness, intellectual disability, or autism. Our goal is to provide assessment, evaluation and intensive competency restoration services to allow the juvenile to return to court and proceed with their court proceedings. Competency restoration services are available in both the community and in a secure residential setting.


We seek to provide competency restoration services with dignity and fairness, in the least restrictive manner possible. We recognize some juveniles will not likely be restored to competency and report this information to the courts in a timely manner.


To provide appropriate competency restoration services to juveniles in a community outpatient setting or in a secure residential placement, with the goal that each juvenile will become knowledgeable about the delinquency process and their legal situation to ensure appropriate due process in the legal system.

Competency restoration services are provided to juveniles who have been charged with a felony prior to their 18th birthday and do not have the ability to participate in legal proceedings due to their mental illness, intellectual disability, or autism. Diagnostic categories include all major DSM mental disorder classifications that are noted as mental illness under Chapter 394 & Chapter 916, Florida Statutes, or an intellectual disability or Autism diagnosis as defined in Chapter 393, Florida Statutes.


Community services are provided to juveniles in their home, detention or at their school by Twin Oaks Forensic Outpatient Services (TOFOS). Case management and competency training are the focus of the program. Mental health services are not provided, but are coordinated by the juvenile's case manager. Services provided under the Agency for Persons with Disabilities (APD) are provided by that agency’s support coordinators.



The program provides comprehensive case management services to include: assessing, planning, coordinating, referring, monitoring and linking the client and family to needed services.  The Case Manager monitors the child’s training and progress by conducting monthly visits and utilizing the reports from the Competency Trainers. The Case Manager also assists client/family with referrals for Psychiatric services, social services, educational services, language services and behavioral training.


competency Training 

The goal of the program is for each client to become knowledgeable about the delinquency process and their legal situation to ensure appropriate due process in the legal system.  We accomplish this goal by delivering competency training to the client on an individualized basis in the least restrictive environment. 


Upon completion of the training clients should be able to:


  1. Appreciate the charges against him or her

  2. Appreciate the range and nature of possible penalties which may be imposed

  3. Understand the adversarial nature of the legal process

  4. Disclose to his/her attorney facts pertinent to the case

  5. Display appropriate courtroom behavior

  6. Testify relevantly

The training is implemented through activities that include but are not limited to verbal exercises, written exercises, and role play.  It is provided by a statewide network of independent contractors, who have been background screened, possess minimum education requirements and been trained to deliver our proprietary competency restoration curriculum. 


forensic psychological evaluations

The program utilizes a statewide network of Psychologists and Psychiatrists to perform competency evaluations. These Forensic Evaluators are all licensed in the State of Florida and have completed the Juvenile Forensics Evaluator Training, administered by the Florida Mental Health Institute, USF. 


Clients are evaluated:

  • Upon the TOFOS staff recommendation of achievement of competency.

  • Six months after the Court’s initial Adjudication Order of Incompetency

  • Two years after the Order of Adjudication

  • At the age of 19 years old, as ordered by the committing Delinquency Court

TOFOS Services
Service Area

service area



Judicial Circuit

Counties Served


Panhandle & North Florida

1, 14, 2, 3

Escambia, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, Walton, Holmes, Washington, Bay, Calhoun, Jackson, Gulf, Liberty, Gadsden, Leon, Wakulla, Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, Taylor


North Central Florida

4, 5, 7, 8

Hamilton, Suwanee, Lafayette, Dixie, Columbia, Baker, Nassau, Union, Bradford, Alachua, Gilchrist, Levy, Marion, Clay, Putnam, Duval, St. Johns, Flagler, Volusia, Lake, Citrus, Sumter, Hernando



6, 10, 13

Pasco, Hillsborough, Polk


Polk & Central Florida

6, 10, 12, 20

Polk, Orange, Osceola


Southwest Florida/Gulf Coast

9, 10, 18

Pinellas, Manatee, Hardee, Highlands, Sarasota, Desoto, Charlotte, Lee, Hendry, Collier


West Florida/Atlantic Coast

15, 19

Glades, Indian River, Okeechobee, St. Lucie, Martin, Palm Beach


South Florida


Broward, Dade


South Florida

11, 16, 17

Dade, Monroe

Administrative Office

804-A Northwest 16th Avenue

Gainesville, FL 32601

Program Director

Venisha Buchanon

Contact TOFOS

contact us

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Twin Oaks Forensic Outpatient Services

804-A NW 16th Avenue

Gainesville, FL 32601

(877) 338-1881 toll free

(877) 338-1882 fax



Where are the services provided?

Services are primarily provided in the child’s home.  There may be occasions where competency training is provided in the child’s school setting.  This is usually in response to difficulties related to arranging the training in the home.

Who provides the services?

Competency training services are provided by independent contractors all with a minimum of 2 years experience working with clients with either mental illness or mental retardation.  These contractors have completed their Bachelor’s degree studies.

Do I have to pay for these services?

No.  The program is funded through a contract with the Florida Department of Children and Families.

What are the expectations for me and my child when it comes to participation in treatment?

Upon admission to the program, a thorough description of services is made available.  Services vary from case to case, depending upon the individual needs of the child.  Generally speaking, a family can expect to meet with the competency trainer at a minimum of 5 hours per week.  There will be a monthly home visit to be conducted by the TOFOS Regional Case Manager assigned to the child’s case. These services may increase during the child’s treatment, again, depending on the need of the child.

Parent Info
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